python – Using print statements only to debug

python – Using print statements only to debug

The logging module has everything you could want. It may seem excessive at first, but only use the parts you need. Id recommend using logging.basicConfig to toggle the logging level to stderr and the simple log methods, debug, info, warning, error and critical.

import logging, sys
logging.basicConfig(stream=sys.stderr, level=logging.DEBUG)
logging.debug(A debug message!) processed %d records, len(processed_records))

A simple way to do this is to call a logging function:

DEBUG = True

def log(s):
    if DEBUG:
        print s

log(hello world)

Then you can change the value of DEBUG and run your code with or without logging.

The standard logging module has a more elaborate mechanism for this.

python – Using print statements only to debug

Use the logging built-in library module instead of printing.

You create a Logger object (say logger), and then after that, whenever you insert a debug print, you just put:

logger.debug(Some string)

You can use logger.setLevel at the start of the program to set the output level. If you set it to DEBUG, it will print all the debugs. Set it to INFO or higher and immediately all of the debugs will disappear.

You can also use it to log more serious things, at different levels (INFO, WARNING and ERROR).

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