How to delete multiple pandas (python) dataframes from memory to save RAM?

How to delete multiple pandas (python) dataframes from memory to save RAM?

del statement does not delete an instance, it merely deletes a name.

When you do del i, you are deleting just the name i – but the instance is still bound to some other name, so it wont be Garbage-Collected.

If you want to release memory, your dataframes has to be Garbage-Collected, i.e. delete all references to them.

If you created your dateframes dynamically to list, then removing that list will trigger Garbage Collection.

>>> lst = [pd.DataFrame(), pd.DataFrame(), pd.DataFrame()]
>>> del lst     # memory is released

If you created some variables, you have to delete them all.

>>> a, b, c = pd.DataFrame(), pd.DataFrame(), pd.DataFrame()
>>> lst = [a, b, c]
>>> del a, b, c # dfs still in list
>>> del lst     # memory release now

In python automatic garbage collection deallocates the variable (pandas DataFrame are also just another object in terms of python). There are different garbage collection strategies that can be tweaked (requires significant learning).

You can manually trigger the garbage collection using

import gc
gc.collect()

But frequent calls to garbage collection is discouraged as it is a costly operation and may affect performance.

Reference

How to delete multiple pandas (python) dataframes from memory to save RAM?

This will delete the dataframe and will release the RAM/memory

del [[df_1,df_2]]
gc.collect()
df_1=pd.DataFrame()
df_2=pd.DataFrame()

the data-frame will be explicitly set to null

in the above statements

Firstly, the self reference of the dataframe is deleted meaning the dataframe is no longer available to python there after all the references of the dataframe is collected by garbage collector (gc.collect()) and then explicitly set all the references to empty dataframe.

more on the working of garbage collector is well explained in https://stackify.com/python-garbage-collection/

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