# Haversine Formula in Python (Bearing and Distance between two GPS points)

## Haversine Formula in Python (Bearing and Distance between two GPS points)

Heres a Python version:

```
from math import radians, cos, sin, asin, sqrt
def haversine(lon1, lat1, lon2, lat2):
Calculate the great circle distance in kilometers between two points
on the earth (specified in decimal degrees)
# convert decimal degrees to radians
lon1, lat1, lon2, lat2 = map(radians, [lon1, lat1, lon2, lat2])
# haversine formula
dlon = lon2 - lon1
dlat = lat2 - lat1
a = sin(dlat/2)**2 + cos(lat1) * cos(lat2) * sin(dlon/2)**2
c = 2 * asin(sqrt(a))
r = 6371 # Radius of earth in kilometers. Use 3956 for miles. Determines return value units.
return c * r
```

Most of these answers are rounding the radius of the earth. If you check these against other distance calculators (such as geopy), these functions will be off.

This works well:

```
from math import radians, cos, sin, asin, sqrt
def haversine(lat1, lon1, lat2, lon2):
R = 3959.87433 # this is in miles. For Earth radius in kilometers use 6372.8 km
dLat = radians(lat2 - lat1)
dLon = radians(lon2 - lon1)
lat1 = radians(lat1)
lat2 = radians(lat2)
a = sin(dLat/2)**2 + cos(lat1)*cos(lat2)*sin(dLon/2)**2
c = 2*asin(sqrt(a))
return R * c
# Usage
lon1 = -103.548851
lat1 = 32.0004311
lon2 = -103.6041946
lat2 = 33.374939
print(haversine(lat1, lon1, lat2, lon2))
```

#### Haversine Formula in Python (Bearing and Distance between two GPS points)

There is also a **vectorized implementation**, which allows to use 4 numpy arrays instead of scalar values for coordinates:

```
def distance(s_lat, s_lng, e_lat, e_lng):
# approximate radius of earth in km
R = 6373.0
s_lat = s_lat*np.pi/180.0
s_lng = np.deg2rad(s_lng)
e_lat = np.deg2rad(e_lat)
e_lng = np.deg2rad(e_lng)
d = np.sin((e_lat - s_lat)/2)**2 + np.cos(s_lat)*np.cos(e_lat) * np.sin((e_lng - s_lng)/2)**2
return 2 * R * np.arcsin(np.sqrt(d))
```