Difference between exit(0) and exit(1) in Python

Difference between exit(0) and exit(1) in Python

0 and 1 are the exit codes.

exit(0) means a clean exit without any errors / problems

exit(1) means there was some issue / error / problem and that is why the program is exiting.

This is not Python specific and is pretty common. A non-zero exit code is treated as an abnormal exit, and at times, the error code indicates what the problem was. A zero error code means a successful exit.

This is useful for other programs, shell, caller etc. to know what happened with your program and proceed accordingly.

This determines the exit status of the program when it finishes running (generally, 0 for success and 1 for error).

It is not unique to Python, and the exact effect depends on your operating system and how the program is called (though 99% of the time, if youre just running Python scripts, it doesnt matter).

Difference between exit(0) and exit(1) in Python

The standard convention for all C programs, including Python, is for exit(0) to indicate success, and exit(1) or any other non-zero value (in the range 1..255) to indicate failure. Any value outside the range 0..255 is treated modulo 256 (the exit status is stored in an 8-bit value). Sometimes, that will be treated as signed (so you might see -128, -127, etc) but more usually it is treated as unsigned.

This status is available to the code that invoked Python. This convention applies across platforms, though the meaning of non-zero exit status can vary on different platforms.

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